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Posts Tagged ‘anti-inflammatory diet’

Framework Matters: Study Links for Safe & Effective Crohn’s Strategies

June 5, 2012 8 comments

This post is really a reference guide that includes an outline and framework for thinking about Crohn’s strategies in a differnent way, along with links to a series of studies that go into depth about each area. This is a good place to start research, and a good resource to share with your doctor.

 
Nothing in biology (nutrition or medicine) makes sense except in the light of evolution. Dr. Loren Cordain

Intestinal Barrier Function & Leaky Gut:

These studies provide the framework for all the rest. Essentially all modern diseases of inflammation can be linked to a series of mismatches between our genes and environmental factors. The origin of this inflammation starts in the gut with a breakdown in intestinal barrier function.

  • The Western diet and lifestyle and diseases of civilization: Cordain, Research Reports in Clinical Cardiology: 2011 March
  • Mechanisms of disease: the role of intestinal barrier function in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal autoimmune diseases. Fasano Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2005 Sep
    Zonulin and Its Regulation of Intestinal Barrier Function: The Biological Door to Inflammation, Autoimmunity, and Cancer Alessio Fasano Physiol Rev 2011 Jan
  • Leaky Gut and Autoimmune Diseases Fasano Clinic Rev Allerg Immunol 2011 Nov

  

Below is a simple chart that list the stressors/environmental factors that either increase intestinal permeability directly or damage the balance of the gut flora, all leading to inflammation.

Increasing Intestestinal Permeability

Gluten/Prolamines

Casein

HBC

Stress

Lectins & Saponins

Low Vitamin D

PPI

Sleep Deprivation

Omega 6 Fats

Antibiotics

Alcohol

Endurance Exercise

FODMAPs

NSAIDs

Capsaicin

 

 

Below is a simple chart that list the environmental factors that either decrease intestinal permeability directly or improve the balance of the gut flora, all leading to reduced inflammation and healing.

Improving Intestestinal Permeability

IBD Diet

Krill Oil

Probiotics & Fermented Food

Colostrum

Proline (Broth & Gelatin)

Curcumin — BCM95

Mutaflor, VSL#3, Lactobacillus paracasei

LDN

CLA (Bones & Butter)

Boswellia — 5Loxin

S. Boulardii,  B. Coagulans

Cannaboids (CBD)

D3 & K2

L. Glutamine & Arginine

Sleep, Meditation/Yoga, Acupuncture

IF & HIIT = Growth Hormone

Diet:

  

 Fat Balance:

  • Linoleic Acid, a Dietary N-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid, and the Aetiology of Ulcerative Colitis – A European Prospective Cohort Study. Gut 2009 July
  • The Type of Dietary Fat Modulates Intestinal Tight Junction Integrity, Gut Permeability, and Hepatic Toll-Like Receptor Expression. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2011
  • Conjugated linoleic acid modulates immune responses in patients with Mild to Moderately active Crohn’s disease. Clinical Nutrition 2012 March.
  • Lipid based therapy for ulcerative colitis-modulation of intestinal mucus membrane phospholipids as a tool to influence inflammation. Int J Mol Sci. 2010 Oct
  • Butyrate enhances the intestinal barrier by facilitating tight junction assembly via activation of AMP-activated protein kinase in Caco-2 cell monolayers. J Nutr. 2009


   

Microbiota & Probiotics:

  • Gut Microbiota and Pediatric Disease Dig Dis 2011
  • Association between the use of antibiotics and new diagnoses of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011 Dec
  • Association of Repeated Exposure to Antibiotics With the Development of Pediatric Crohn’s Disease–A Nationwide, Register-based Finnish Case-Control Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Apr
  • Influence of Saccharomyces boulardii (Florastor) on the intestinal permeability of patients with Crohn’s disease in remission. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2008
  • Anti-inflammatory effects of Saccharomyces boulardii mediated by myeloid dendritic cells from patients with Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2011 Dec
  • The probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (Mutaflor) reduces pathogen invasion and modulates cytokine expression in Caco-2 cells infected with Crohn’s disease-associated E. coli LF82. Trop Med Int Health. 2011 May
  • Probiotic Bacteria Produce Conjugated Linoleic Acid Locally in the Gut That Targets Macrophage PPAR γ to Suppress Colitis. PLoS One. 2012
  • Lactocepin Secreted By Lactobacillus Exerts Anti-Inflammatory Effects By Selectively Degrading Proinflammatory Chemokines Cell Host & Microbe 2012 April
  • Helminthic therapy: improving mucosal barrier function. Trends Parasitol. 2012 Mar 

Supplements:

  • Vitamin D and gastrointestinal diseases: inflammatory bowel disease and colorectal cancer.Therap Adv Gastroenterol. 2011 Jan 
  • Curcumin Ameliorates Hydrogen Peroxide-Induced Epithelial Barrier Disruption. Dig Dis Sci. 2012 March.
  • Therapy of active Crohn disease with Boswellia. Z Gastroenterol. 2001 Jan
  • Dietary supplementation of krill oil attenuates inflammation and oxidative stress in experimental ulcerative colitis. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2012 Jan
  • Glutamine and Whey Protein Improve Intestinal Permeability and Morphology in Patients with Crohn’s Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Dig Dis Sci. 2011 Oct
  • Combined Glutamine and Arginine Decrease Proinflammatory Cytokine Production by Biopsies from Crohn’s Patients J Nutrition 2008
  • Zinc supplementation tightens “leaky gut” in Crohn’s. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2001 May
  • Intestinal immune system influenced by cocoa-enriched diet. J Nutr Biochem. 2008 Aug 

Drugs:

  • Therapy with the opioid antagonist naltrexone promotes mucosal healing in active Crohn’s disease: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Dig Dis Sci. Smith & Zagon 2011 Jul 

  

  • Rifaximin-extended intestinal release induces remission in patients with moderately active Crohn’s disease. Gastroenterology. 2012 May
  • Cannabinoid-induced apoptosis in immune cells as a pathway to immunosuppression. Immunobiology. 2010 Aug
  • Cannabinoids mediate opposing effects on inflammation-induced intestinal permeability British Journal of Pharmacology 2011
  • Linaclotide in the management of gastrointestinal tract disorders. Drugs Today (Barc). 2012 Mar
  • 5-aminosalicylate is not chemoprophylactic for colorectal cancer in IBD: a population based study. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011 Apr
  • Efficacy of 5-aminosalicylates in Crohn’s disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011 Apr
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IBD Pilot Study Using Diet based on SCD shows 100% Success Rate

January 13, 2012 39 comments

It looks like the mainstream medical community may be finally realizing that diet is central to the cause and healing of IBD.  Last May, the folks at UMass led by Barbara Olendzki published a pilot test using a diet largely based on SCD to treat IBD. Here is a link to a pdf showing the study results, and I’ve copied the abstract below. I’m sure it will take alot more to completely turn things around, but this is a major step forward. Even though this study is small, I’d say a 100% success rate is pretty good!


And here is a link to the most recent SCD Lifestyle post and podcast interview of one of the researchers that conducted the study http://scdlifestyle.com/2012/02/umass-ibd-diet-study-sees-success/ Kudos to Steve Wright for putting this together!

Abstract

Background: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), which includes Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are chronic non specific inflammatory conditions. Standard IBD treatment typically employs a combination of anti-inflammatory and immune suppressive medications; however, the pharmacological approach is not by itself curative. The Anti-Inflammatory Diet for IBD (IBD-AID), which is derived and augmented from The Specific Carbohydrate Diet (SCD), is a nutritional regimen that restricts the intake of complex carbohydrates such as refined sugar, gluten-based grains, and certain starches from the diet. These carbohydrates are thought to provide a substrate for pro-inflammatory bacteria. The second component of the diet involves the ingestion of pre- and probiotics to help restore an anti inflammatory environment.

Study Objective: To assess the efficacy and feasibility of the Anti –Inflammatory Diet (IBD-AID) intervention for the treatment of IBD.

Intervention: Patients were recruited from the UMMHC gastroenterology clinic upon referral from their gastroenterologist. They received individual instruction of the diet and its restrictions through 5 individual nutrition sessions over approximately a 6-10 month period. Support materials were provided. Cooking classes were also available to the patients.

Conclusion: This case series indicates the potential for the IBD-AID to be used as an adjunctive or alternative therapy for the treatment of IBD. Notably, 9 out of 11 patients were able to be managed without anti-TNF therapy, and 100% of the patients had their symptoms reduced. To make clear recommendations for its use in clinical practice, randomized trials are needed alongside strategies to improve acceptability and compliance with the IBD-AID.

Citation: Barbara C. Olendzki, Gioia Persuitte, Taryn Silverstein, Katherine Baldwin, David Cave, John K. Zawacki, Kanishka Bhattacharya, and Yunsheng Ma. “Pilot Testing a Novel Treatment for Inflammatory Bowel Disease” Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat.. May. 2011. Available at: http://works.bepress.com/barbara_olendzki/46